"Yes. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease. A person with syphilis can spread the infection during the first two stages of the disease. If you come in contact with an open sore (first stage) or skin rash (second stage), you can pick up the bacteria that cause the infection. If the bacteria enter your body through an opening such as the penis, anus, vagina, mouth, or broken skin, you can get syphilis. If a person has had syphilis for more than two years, it's unlikely that he or she can spread the disease. Don't take a chance. Use a lubricated…"
"No, the amount of virus transmitted through saliva in a kiss, is too little to infect someone else with HIV. BUT; if there are open sores in both mouths and blood is coming out, then there is a chance of HIV transmission."
"Let's say you had sex with someone who is HIV infected and the condom broke, or you found out only after unprotected sex that your partner had HIV. Can you reduce your risk of getting HIV from sex--or from a needlestick--by taking medications afterward? Yes. This is called postexposure prophylaxis, or PEP. The medications that are given are the same types that are used to treat HIV (antiretrovirals, or ARVs), and they usually are given as a combination of 3 medicines for 1 month. To work best, these ARVs should be taken as soon as possible after the exposure, and…"