For many young people, contraception is something common in different squad conversations, on the social media pages followed or something they have used once or twice (or more, and we really don’t judge). However, apart from the condom and the morning after pill, there’s not much they know about all the other family planning/birth control/contraception methods, which are also very awesome. This blog is here to guide y’all;

The Condom

This is by far the most used form of contraception by young people mostly because of their durability. Both the female and male condom are almost freely circulated in many health centres and young people are always advised to keep it on. Condoms are the only contraceptive method that will save you from an unplanned for pregnancy and STDs such as HIV. Always be reminded that if it’s not on, it’s not safe.

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The Morning after pill

Do you believe in second chances? Well, the morning after pill is that second chance- often used after having unprotected sex to prevent an unplanned for pregnancy. The pill stops the sperms from fertilising the egg thus preventing an unplanned pregnancy- it is also often referred to as the Emergency Contraceptive Pill (ECP) and is very effective is swallowed as advised by the health specialist. Contrary to popular belief of myths and misconceptions, the morning after pill will not make you barren, so you shouldn’t worry at all

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Fertility awareness method

This is the most natural method of contraception. Through the recognition of one’s fertility cycle, one can avoid getting pregnant by not engaging in sexual activities when she is fertile. A woman has a total of 8 days of fertility during each cycle and in order to avoid pregnancy, she is supposed to avoid unprotected sexual intercourse during these days when she is very fertile.

Vaginal ring

Rings were not only designed for your fingers- you can cuff your vagina too! The Vaginal ring is placed in the vagina and it secretes a controlled dosage of estrogen and progestogen that are released into the blood stream to prevent the release of the egg thus preventing pregnancy. The vaginal ring is said to be more than 99% effective and offers protecting for only one month.

Intra Uterine Device (IUD)

The IUD is one of the reversible contraceptive methods that fits under the ‘fit and forget’ methods because it provides long term prevention of pregnancy. The IUD is a t-shaped copper object that is fitted into the womb of a woman by a medical worker. The procedure only lasts 5-10 minutes and offers protection from pregnancy up to 10 years. The IUD basically stops sperm from reaching the egg thus preventing pregnancy. 

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Birth Control Implant/contraceptive implant

These also fall under the ‘fit and forget’ as they can be in place for over 5 years. The implants are made up of two small rods the size of match sticks placed in the arm to slowly produce progestogen thus preventing pregnancy. The contraceptive implant is also 99% effective and can be removed whenever you want. 

Depo Provera Injection

Often known as ‘the injection’ or ‘DP’, Depo Provera is a contraceptive injection containing progestogen and is given after every 12 weeks to prevent an unplanned for pregnancies. 

Abstinence

It works! Abstinence is the one sure way to prevent pregnancy at all levels. Abstinence is basically not having sex at all and yes, it is possible and it works- it is 100% effective.

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